Deposit-refund system are a market-based instrument to address externalities.
As with Pigovian taxes a DRS aims to limit pollution of various types by creating an incentive to return a product.
Deposit-refund systems are used on products such as batteries, tyres, automotive oil, consumer electronics and shipping pallets.
There are three potential advantages of a DRS: it reduces illegal dumping by giving a financial incentive, it makes monitoring and enforcement easier, and evading the costs is difficult.
HAZMATs may be released as liquids, solids, gases, or a combination or form of all three, including dust, fumes, gas, vapor, mist, and smoke.
HAZMAT spills have caused health problems, injuries, and even death in people and animals, and have damaged buildings, homes, property, and the environment.
Hide full Aims & Scope The colored bars illustrate the engagement of the social media communities with articles in Journal of Hazardous Materials.Full-length research papers within the above stated Aims and Scope are welcome.Such contributions are not to be submitted in two parts (i.e. Proposals must contain the following components for consideration: (1) a brief summary of the proposed review article content, (2) a clear indication of the novelty and urgency of such a review paper at this time, in light of other review articles on the same topic, (3) a brief description of the authors' academic background and research areas, and (4) a list of all authors' publications related to the proposed review article topic.Authors of earlier papers, if the Letter concerns a prior publication, will also be given an opportunity to respond.
To ensure conciseness, follow these maximum word count guidelines: research paper: 5,000 words; review article: 15,000 words.
Papers that deal with ways of controlling and mitigating risks of hazardous materials (HM) are within the scope of the journal.